The Odyssey – Written EXAM

Open book, Internet, and notebook exam:  Page 813 #’s 2, 7, 8, 9 and 10.  Use what you remember, what you’ve seen, and outside resources to answer the questions to the best of your ability.  Do not copy. Write your own material.

Please answer with detail and thought.  Use the book and your notes to provide well written answers.   

This is an exam, worth 100 points.

The link to the video is here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6S_l12WM_KM

DEATH at the Palace!

Learning Target: The important themes in The Odyssey play out in the end. 

Story Update: As The Odyssey ends we see: 

  • Penelope – intelligence over physical strength, particularly with her choice of challenge for the suitors. 
  • Odysseus – strategizing and disguising in order to WIN. 
  • Athena – providing guidance and wisdom 

 Answer: (20 points): If you were to tell someone what The Odyssey is about, its message, or its theme, what would you tell that person?  Write a short paragraph please.

Death at The Palace – today – guess how all of these plans will end. 

Endnotes and discussion:  

  • Penelope weaves a tapestry, and uses it as an excuse to delay her decision making.  How does this foreshadow her ‘weaving’ a plan to rid herself of the suitors and Odysseus ‘weaving’ a plan to return? 
  • There is a physical challenge presented to the suitors – what might this represent – reflect on practices of older cultures. 
  • Argos is barely alive.  He is so fiercely loyal that as soon as he senses the return of his master, he promptly dies.  He holds out for 2 decades.  Think about the symbolism
  • What is the message / theme in the amazing loyalty of the family?  What might this part of the story try to impart on young people? 

Video: 1:17:04 – END

Reading:

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The Test of the Great Bow

Learning Target: The meaning of a ‘rite of passage‘.

Update: Penelope finally gives in.  She explains the test of the Great Bow

  • Answer (10 pts): Why would she ‘test’ the suitors with a task that only Odysseus had previously done?  What is her strategy? 

Penelope is upset – crying while holding Odysseus bow.  She is taking a bit of a risk as she does not know if any of the suitors will be able to use the bow.  She is trying to find no one to replace Odysseus, but also attempt to see if someone is worthy. 
The Test of the Great Bow – Page 798 Video: 1:06:42 – 1:17:04

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The Epic Continues – The Plan Begins

Learning TargetSymbolism and its role in Book 17 of The Odyssey.

Review: “The Beggar and the Faithful Dog”- page 794 – 795 

Argos, Odysseus’ dog, has been waiting for his master for 20 years.  This scene reflects the theme of loyalty throughout the book.  This trait is seen throughout the story.  Think about some other loyal characters.

Classwork:  “Getting angry is easy.  It is better to get angry at the right time, at the right person and for the right reason”.  Odysseus says this to Telemachus, his son. 

  1. Why does he give him this advice? 
  2. Explain how Telemachus shows he listens to his father’s advice. 
  3. In your opinion, is it good advice to follow throughout one’s life?  Explain clearly. 

Reading for today:

Today’s Video – 53:08-1:06:42

Extra related video:

Video – Oberyn Martell vs. Gregor Clegane: Oberyn goes for a smarter approach against the bigger man, and initially it works.  Oberyn’s arrogance (pride) at the end causes his death, after he had the battle won. (View in advance – violent imagery) 

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The Beggar and the Faithful Dog

Learning Target: The concept of loyalty, fealty, faithful, fidelity (Fido).

There is no written work today.  We will look at a metaphor for ultimate loyalty – Argos, the faithful dog.

  • There are 2 pages (794-795) to analyze, and around 20 minutes of video (32:13-53:08) to watch today and review over the weekend.

“The Beggar and the Faithful Dog”

VIDEO: Watch 32:13-53:08

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Odysseus’ Return Home – DANGER

Learning Target: The aspects of human nature are reflected at the return home. 

Essential Questions (20 points):

  1. Odysseus is disguised as a beggar – why? 
  2. Athena is the goddess who appears to guide Odysseus home.  Why Athena, the goddess of wisdom – why not a ‘warrior’ god? 

Notes for part 2

  • Eumaeus – a loyal servant.  Explore the idea of being a servant or a slave, yet remaining loyal to your ‘master’.  See the video link: ‘Daenerys Targaryen Gets an Army of Free Men’.  Watch toward the end as DT frees the slaves, yet they remain loyal to her.  Explore why this happens and why it was a solid strategy.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NXUtEpvh-DI 
  • Argos – loyal dog 
  • Eurycleia – loyal servant woman 
  • Telemachus – loyal son 
  • Eumaeus describes the suitors as ‘dogs’ 
  • FAMILY LOYALTY 

 **Video: 17:50-29:50**

Reading for Today: 

**Video: 17:50-29:50**

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Part 1 of The Odyssey Text Ends – The Crew Messes up AGAIN

Learning Target:  Part I of The Odyssey ends.

UPDATEHelios, the sun god, has cattle.  Odysseus’ crew is told by Odysseus (via Tieresias) NOT to touch them.  Because the crew is hungry, they respond to how they feel (they kill and eat cattle) and not what they know (that messing with the cattle is a death sentence).  Reading – p. 784 to 786

Answer please (30 points):

  1. Why do they act this way? 
  2. Why don’t people listen to common sense? 
  3. How does this parallel the fiasco with the WInd God, where they opened the bag of wind? 

So Far: 

Odysseus has overcome: The Cyclops, The Sirens – irresistible ‘songs’ that trap sailors, Scylla and Charybdis – monsters who devour sailors and ships, The Lotus Eaters – drugged out people who lack volition. TOMORROW: “Coming Home”

Today’s Reading:

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3 Monsters – The Scylla, Charybdis, and the Sirens

Things continue to get worse.  Not only does Odysseus find out his mother is dead, but he has to navigate past the Scylla and Charybdis, AND he now knows that there are men in Ithaca who want to steal his world.

Learning Target: The life lessons that are found in Great Literature.

After covering the 2 pages for today, please answer the following (30 points):

  1. The monsters, Scylla, Charybdis, and The Sirens are all women – Why do you think this is so?
  2. How do the Sirens trap you, and how is Odysseus to avoid the trap?
  3. Circe tells Odysseus it’s better to lose 6 crewmembers than all of them.  Why?

Today’s reading:

Today’s video: 6:10 – 17:53

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How does Part II of ‘The Odyssey’ Begin?

Odysseus has been told by Circe that he must go down to the land of the Dead to get his marching orders from Tieriesias, the blind prophet.

Teiresias has told Odysseus that he must get through the challenges of the Sirens, the Scylla and the Charybdis.  

  • Answer (10 points): Which do you choose – the Scylla (6 crewmembers dead guaranteed) OR the Charybdis (the entire ship and crew dead).  Why? 

This is another life lesson: sometimes you have two choices – a bad choice, and a worse choice. 

Part II: Please watch from the beginning to 6:10.

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The Odyssey Part I Exam

Today we’ll finish part I of the Odyssey.

After watching 1:20:12 to 1:31:14, please follow the directions for the following exam:

Choose any 5 Quiz questions – open book – 50 points 

  1. Explain how the Trojan War began and why. (pgs 741 – 742) 
  2. How did the Greeks get into the city of Troy and win the war? (743) 
  3. Who are: Poseidon, Hermes, Zeus, Athena, and Calypso? (747 – 748) 
  4. What two major facts are mentioned on the 1st page of the Odyssey? (751) 
  5. Describe how Odysseus was able to leave Calypso’s Island prison. (753 – 754) 
  6. Describe the plan that Odysseus used to escape from Cyclops’ cave.  (Quote from the story) 
  7. Who is Circe and what does she do to Odysseus’ men?  How does he avoid her spell? (Quote from the story) 
  8. Explain the peaceful, but dangerous ‘Island of the Lotus Eaters’. (Quote from the story) 
  9. Should Penelope continue to wait for Odysseus, or should she give up and find someone else?  Both Odysseus and her mother in law have told her to ‘move on’. Explain your answer with reason and evidence. 

Each answer needs details and explanations that effectively respond to the question.  When you’re done you’ll have written around 5 paragraphs.

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