Leverage – What it is and How to Use it

Today we have a short video.  We will connect it to “2081” and “Harrison Bergeron”.  

Think about the concepts involved when talking about how so few people are able to control so many. 

Due Monday (Homework – 20 points):

  • If you were to comment on this video, what would your comment be?

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Asch Conformity Experiment: Psychology and ‘Harrison Bergeron’

Learning Target: “Harrison Bergeron” and its literary connection to Psychology and Today.

Directions: Which of the two lines match the one on the left? A, B, or C?

It’s obvious that the answer is ADiscuss

Read, Review and Discuss the following explanation of the Asch Conformity Experiment:

https://infogalactic.com/info/Asch_conformity_experiments

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Going along with the crowd is a powerful force. Remember George Bergeron:

“You been so tired lately-kind of wore out,” said Hazel. “If there was just some way we could make a little hole in the bottom of the bag, and just take out a few of them lead balls. Just a few.”

“Two years in prison and two thousand dollars fine for every ball I took out,” said George. “I don’t call that a bargain.”

“If you could just take a few out when you came home from work,” said Hazel. “I mean-you don’t compete with anybody around here. You just sit around.”

If I tried to get away with it,” said George, “then other people’d get away with it-and pretty soon we’d be right back to the dark ages again, with everybody competing against everybody else. You wouldn’t like that, would you?”

He is going along with the crowd, as well as following Authority.

Watch and analyze the following video, and answer the following 2 questions (20 points): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vrtqBpgPjiw

1)      What did you learn from the video “How to Crack the Conformity?”

2)      How easy or difficult is it for YOU to go against conformity or peer pressure? Are you George Bergeron …? Or are you more like Harrison Bergeron?

Non-Fiction Psychological Connection – the Milgram Experiment

Obedience to Authority – connection to the Milgram Experiment.

George Bergeron is willing to give up his independence because a government official tells him to. How, or why, do people give up and surrender their freedoms and rights to figures of authority? Is the character George realistic?

Figures of authority:

·         Teachers

·         Politicians

·         Government officials

·         Doctors (anyone with a lab coat)

·         Lawyers and judges

·         School officials / administrators

·         Religious leaders

·         Celebrities – Sports and Hollywood

Questions for today (20 points):

  1. Would you electrocute someone with a killing voltage if one of the above people told you to, or suggested you should?
  2. Why do many of us blindly listen to authority?

The Milgram experiment analyzed this question.

Videos for today to help you with your analysis of George Bergeron, and our Obedience to Authority:

The Original Milgram Experiment:

Derren Brown in Britain does a modern version of the Milgram Experiment:

Curiosity: How Evil Are You? | The Milgram Experiment

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Non-Fiction – Privacy Today and in 2081

Learning Target: How the idea of being ‘watched’, like in “Harrison Bergeron”, makes people self-regulate and control their own behavior. 

George Bergeron, and most of the people in “Harrison Bergeron” and “2081” are afraid to take of their handicaps and be free and unequal.  They feel that they are being watched, and their handicaps transmit and sound an alarm if they are removed.

Review the short film “2081” and the short story and then answer (20 points):

  • How does the idea of being watched, and the fact that the government will know, make people control themselves and limit their behavior?  Use the ideas about the importance of privacy in the Glenn Greenwald video below.  Also think about the Panopticon video we saw the other day.

George getting zapped – keeping him from his intelligence and memories:

Harrison removes his handicaps – sounds an alarm:

Video: Glenn Greenwald explains the importance of privacy: Why Privacy Matters:

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“2081” Film Review – (QUIZ)

Yesteday we watched a film version of “Harrison Bergeron” called “2081”.

The film is here: https://www.teaching2081.org/

The story is here: http://www.tnellen.com/cybereng/harrison.html

There were some differences (adaptations) between the two media:

In the film:

  • Harrison threatens the crowd with a bomb.
  • He has a transmitter to show everyone who is oppressing them.
  • Harrison makes a speech.
  • There were some dialogue changes / switches.

Learning Target: Writing a critical review and compare – contrast piece.

Today: Write a 1 to 2 paragraph review of the film “2081”.  In explaining your point of view, give details about the story and / or the differences with the text.  Did the changes work?  Was the film better … or worse?  Why? (1 paragraph minimum please)

Helping your understanding of the adaptation of the story into a film – “A Tale of Two Harrisons“:

How does character analysis (characterization) help thematic understanding? 2081

Story Review: Key Quote: George Bergeron: “If I tried to get away with it, the other people’d get away with it, and pretty soon we’d be right back to the Dark Ages again, with everybody competing against everybody else.” 

Today: 1) Watch the short film, “2081”, and 2) the supplemental video: “Should People Resist Oppression?”

https://www.teaching2081.org/watch-the-film

https://www.teaching2081.org/supplementary-videos

Please answer the 2 following questions (20 points)

  1. Why are people (George) afraid of or having a negative opinion of ‘competition’? “Competition is a sin” – J. D. Rockefeller 
  2. Watch George Bergeron, Harrison’s father, during the video version “2081”.  He is allowing himself to be held back (handicapped).  Is he doing the right thing by following these 2081 laws?

We will write a review tomorrow of the short film “2081”

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The Message Within “Harrison Bergeron”

Learning Target: What is Vonnegut’s message in the short story “Harrison Bergeron”?

Story Link: http://www.tnellen.com/cybereng/harrison.html

Today’s Classwork (Due Monday – 20 points):

  1. Certain systems (communism / socialism) promise the ‘end of class structure’ and the ‘equality of all people’. Why is this a dangerous concept?  Explain using what you read in “Harrison Bergeron”.
  2. What is required to make everyone equal (in the story or anywhere else)?

Listen: 9:16-15:01

In Class Mini-Lesson: “Do We Need Equality”? Watch and use to help discuss and explore today’s 2 questions.

https://www.teaching2081.org/supplementary-videos#form

The Panopticon: How they watch everyone, including George Bergeron, to make sure he does as he’s told:

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Harrison Bergeron – Introduction

Learning Target: What are the main themes in Kurt Vonnegut’s “Harrison Bergeron”?

Do Now: “The year was 2081, and everyone was finally equal”.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.

Please answer the following 2 questions using your background knowledge (20 points):

  1. Are people equal?
  2. Should we / you / anyone fight to overcome ‘inequality’? Explain your responses please.

Story Linkhttp://www.tnellen.com/cybereng/harrison.html

Notes for your Class Notebook:

  • In this story, a dystopian future story, everyone is being watched all the time by the government.
  • The government forces everyone to be equal, in every way – physically and intellectually.
  • Harrison is extrememly good looking, smart, and athletic.  This makes him dangerous to the government.
  • There are clues that Harrison’s father is smart, and his mother is not so smart.
  • The Handicapper-General makes sure, by watching everyone all the time, that no one is better or worse than anyone else.

Introductory Analysis:

Read aloud / listen up to 9:16 – then discuss the SETTING.

Ballerinas: No one is better than anyone else.  Equality!

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My Udemy classes are here – extremely low price and you have them forever.

I also sell custom made mugs. I’ll do personalized orders as well. They are all made in the United States – in Pennsylvania.

All of the mugs are here on Gearbubble. These are made in the USA, and if you don’t want to contribute to Amazon’s record profits during this time of CV19, the Gearbubble link is the one to use. Thank you!